India is a large, triangular-shaped country in southern Asia, buttressed by the long sweep of the Himalayan in the north and protruding into the Indian Ocean in the south.India’s economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services.

Area: 3.28 million sq km
Population: 1 billion
Capital: New Delhi
People: 72% Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, 3% other
Language: Hindi, Urdu, Tamil, Bengali, Kashmiri, English, Telugu, Marathi, Gujarati, and Malayalam
Religion: 80% Hindu, 14% Muslim, 2.4% Christian, 2% Sikh, 0.7% Buddhist, 0.5% Jains, 0.4% other
Government: Federal Republic
GDP: US$2.2 trillion
Major Industries: Textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes, cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry, and fish
Major Trading Partners: US, Hong Kong, UK, Japan, Germany, Belgium, and Saudi Arabia

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