Algeria has more than 45 independent French language and Arabic language publications as well as 4 government-owned newspapers (two published in French and two in Arabic), but the government controls all printing presses and advertising. The Algerian newspapers with the largest circulations are Echourouk (1,800,000), Ennahar (1,600,000), El Khabar (1,000,000) and Quotidien d’Oran (700,000); all four are employee-owned. The government also owns all radio and television outlets, which provide pro-government programming. In 2004 and 2005, the government increased the access of Berber language and culture to both print and broadcast media.
Algérie Presse Service is the Algerian national press agency. It was created on December 1, 1961, following the national independence of Algeria from French control, to represent Algeria in the sphere of the world media. It has evolved into an institution that produces online and satellite services.
The written press in Algeria publishes in three languages: Arabic, French and Tamazight. The majority of print publications are privately owned. The print press also publishes online, on a daily basis, except for on Fridays (public observation of the Islamic holy day).
Writing in Arabic, English and French, Algerian bloggers cover social, cultural and political topics. There are more than 100,000 Algerian blogs, a newspaper suggested in late 2014.
Arabic-language newspapers include Echorouk, El Khabar, and El Massa. French-language newspapers include El Watan and El Moudjahid. English-language newspapers include the North Africa Journal.
Entreprise nationale de télévision (ENTV) is the national entity that oversees public television broadcasting. It manages the television channels Canal Algérie, Algérie 3, Amazigh tv 4 in Tamazight and the religious channel Coran tv 5 which broadcasts Islamic religious programming. The government purchases many commercial programs for broadcast. Canal Algérie also broadcasts online, without interruption.
The majority of the population of Algeria prefers to watch satellite broadcasts of French and Arab stations. The number of satellite dishes is estimated at 34 million. Many satellite services operate in Algeria, including Camagraph, Stream System, Magenta, and Condor. French-owned Canal+ has recently signed a special agreement with Algeria.
Algerian television channels:
ENTV (state-owned broadcaster)
Echorouk News Channel (news outlet of the Echorouk Media Group)
El Djazairiya TV
Numedia News TV
L’Index TV (Constantine regional channel)
Dzair TV (owned by business tycoon Ali Haddad)
Al Atlas TV (shut down before presidential elections for its government criticisms)
Djurdjura Children Channel
Samira Women-dedicated Channel
El Bilad TV
Wiam TV created just days before presidential elections to support independent candidate Abdelaziz Bouteflika
KBC or El Khabar Broadcasting Channel (owned by El Khabar Media Group)
Until now there are 50 channels broadcasting offshore. All these channels have large bureaus in Algiers but legally registered in Jordan, Bahrain, and the UK. With the recently published media law, these TV networks will have to comply with Algeria law to become Algerian licensed TV.
Radio Algérienne is the public radio broadcasting entity. It manages three national broadcast stations, two with national formats and 32 regional stations. This entity, which has 34 million Algerian listeners, broadcasts in Arab, Berber, and French.
Chorouk TV identifies itself as the first private satellite TV channel in Algeria launched just after the newly passed media law enabling business people/journalists to create their own TV and radio stations. The channel will show about ten major thematic programs dealing with politics, business, social, sport, entertainment and music. It will broadcast a one-hour and half news bulletin similar to Aljazeera’s Hasad Al Yawm (Today’s News Harvest). But in general, it identifies itself as Dubai-based MBC network, namely family/edutainment channel.
As of 2014 Algeria had 40000 Internet hosts and 31.7 million internet users.
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