The media of Albania refers to mass media outlets based in Albania. Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state-owned and for-profit corporations which depend on advertising, subscription, and other sales-related revenues.
The independent Koha Jonë is the daily with the biggest readership, although no official numbers are available.
Tirana’s main newspapers are Albania, Ballkan, Gazeta Shqiptare, Gazeta 55, Koha Jonë, Metropol, Panorama, Rilindja Demokratike, Shekulli, Shqip, Tema. Numerous other dailies and weeklies provide regional and local information. English-language news are provided by the Albanian Mail and the Tirana Times. Greek-language newspapers include Dimotiki Foni, Dris, Foni tis Omonoias, Laiko Vima, Provoli, and Romiosini. Gazeta 2000 publishes in Albanian, Greek, and English.
The state’s news agency is the Albanian Telegraphic Agency (ATSH)
INSTAT counted in 2012 around 100 publishing houses and 380 printing presses in Albania, with an average yearly production of 1200-1500 titles.
Publishing houses in Albania include:
Onufri Publishing House, established in 1992, publisher of the complete works of Ismail Kadare and Martin Camaj, as well as several foreign classics
Ombra GVG Publishing House, publishing i.a. Margaret Mazzantini, Antonio Tabucchi, Dino Buzzati, Bernard Cromwell, Edmond Tupja
Neraida Publishing House, founded in 2002, specialising in children’s literature and publishing classical and contemporary Greek literature
Dituria Publishing House, publishing non-fiction books since 1991
Argeta-LMG Publishing House (established 1996), specialised in national historical works, dealing with the history, language, culture and tradition of the Albanian people, including publications of authors from Kosovo.
Toena (est. 1993, publisher of Rexhep Qosja),
others: Plejad (with its philosophy series), Dita2000, UET, Shtepia Botuese 55, Mediaprint, Ombra, Dudaj (publishing Italian writers), Saras
Public service broadcaster
The state broadcaster in Albania, Radio Televizioni Shqiptar (RTSh, Albanian Radio and TV), operates national radio and television networks. It has competition from scores of privately owned stations. According to a 2002 survey the broadcaster with the largest audience is TV Klan.
The Audio-Visual Media Law states that RTSH should “promote Albanian culture and language, and artistic and literary creativity”; produce and broadcast freely accessible content, “related to national health and public order, as well as in cases of national emergencies”. Original content should amount to 50% of the broadcasts. To promote pluralism, RTSH broadcasts in minority languages (Greek and Macedonian) in the border regions.
Albania hosts 2 public radio networks and roughly 25 private radio stations; several international broadcasters are available (2010).
The radio stations with nationwide coverage include the three public channels (Radio Tirana 1, 2, and 3), Top Albania Radio and Plus 2 Radio. Several radio stations broadcast locally or over the internet.
The BBC World Service (103.9 MHz in the capital, Tirana), Deutsche Welle, Radio France Internationale, and the Voice of America are available. The BBC Albanian service operated from 1940 to 1967 and from 1993 to 2011.
Television is the most influential medium in Albania. The country hosts 3 public TV networks (one of which transmits by satellite to Albanian-language communities in neighboring countries) and more than 60 private TV stations; cable TV service is available (2010); Besides the public service broadcaster RTSH, nationwide TV channels include Top Channel and TV Klan, plus Vizion Plus on satellite. Former national channels include TVA, Albanian Screen, and Agon Channel. Regional channels include Ora News, News24, A1 Report, ABC News, UTV, SuperSonic, BBF, Channel 1, and TeleSport.
Many Albanians watch Rai Italia and ANT1 Greece via terrestrial reception. TV5Monde Europe is also available as foreign relay.
Television was first introduced in 1960. The state-owned RTSH dominated the Albanian broadcasting field up to the mid-1990s, a period when privately owned radio and TV stations started to occupy the vastly empty Albanian frequencies. Albania has also been a broadcasting centre for its neighbouring countries, with Klan Kosova (for Kosovo), Alsat M (for Macedonia) and Agon Channel Italia (for Italy).
Internet penetration has reached 54.7% of the population in 2012 and 60% in 2014, although this may exclude some rural areas.
Internet broadband services were initiated in 2005. Internet cafes are popular in Tirana and have started to spread outside the capital. Rural areas are provided free public broadband access though the Eutelsat satellite, with access points at post offices, schools, and local government offices.
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